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Keystone Renovation / Alternative Energy

Keystone Renovation

The old Keystone church and parsonage were a sad sight to look at in 1980 when Barbara Shelton was considering purchasing the buildings and land. The chimneys had tumbled down, windows and doors were non-existent, walls were crumbling, and all the buildings were open to the weather. Twenty-seven years of abandonment had taken its toll on the structures.

The interior of the old church had been used as a “pigeon hunting paradise” for many years. Dirt, dried grass, and shotgun shells covered the floor from the height of the stage area all the way out the door. There were holes in the house floor and someone had removed part of the church’s stage, plus all the baseboard moldings.

Sorting junk
Chuck and Marion Bonner survey trash collected around the property. 1980

Barbara purchased the property in the winter of 1980. She and her husband, Chuck Bonner, made the first improvement to the property that spring: a cedar windbreak of fifty small trees.

The renovation work was quite a challenge for Barbara and Chuck. Every surface, both inside and out, had to be either replaced or repaired. The initial work entailed removing dangerous things, such as the hanging chimney inside the church that was ready to fall on someone’s head. The outside part of the chimney was already gone and can only be seen in historical pictures. Fortunately, the stone structures of the former parsonage and old church were in pretty good shape.

The house was the first renovation project, starting from the roof down. Outdoor projects included replacing cedar shingles, laying a brick chimney, putting in windows and doors, and doing exterior patch and repair work. Interior renovation included shoveling out debris; sheetrocking the ceiling and interior walls; plastering damaged rock walls; laying floor underlayment, tile, and carpeting; and painting the walls, ceilings, and trim.

"Keystone Gothic"
“Keystone Gothic,” 1986
The back shed
Front of the back shed with Barbara and Schleeper (“a good dog”). 1986

Most of the early work on the place was done during warm months. Barbara, Chuck, and their son, Logan, would camp on-site and work on the house room by room. Many projects were completed over the years, including the greenhouse on the south face of the house, a porch on the east, and upstairs rooms with dormers. A wind charger power system was added in 1985 when they decided to move permanently to Keystone so Logan could start school in Scott City.

The stone shed, built in 1935, had deteriorated badly over the years. The roof was completely gone, stones had fallen off or disintegrated, and the mortar between the rocks was almost non-existent. The shed was rebuilt from the ground up, but they mortared the rocks that were still in place.

The old Keystone Church was mainly used for storage and as Chuck’s painting studio. Barbara and Chuck made the decision to open an art gallery and fossil museum in 1989 and renovation began in earnest. The east roof was opened up and a skylight for natural light was installed. Exterior renovation began with window sash installation and cement work on the exterior stones.

Repairing the wall
Framework and repair of north gallery wall. 1991

Unfortunately, a mass of stone fell out of the north peak and almost crushed their chicken coop. It had to be replaced by a wood frame support.The interior renovation was also a major challenge, starting with poles for a post-and- beam roof support. Two upstairs rooms were added for storage and studio space. Next, the ceilings of the lofts were sheetrocked and the interior stone walls were repaired with cement and replastered. All interior walls and ceilings were then cleaned and painted. After that, the poles and rough wood surfaces were trimmed, stained, and varnished.

Finally, the dirtiest job was tackled when the old yellow pine floor was repaired, swept, mopped, and varnished. The Keystone Gallery opened on Labor Day weekend in 1991. After the opening of the gallery, continuing upgrades and improvements have been made.

The original sign
Chuck puts up the gallery's original sign. 1991

Mike Patton, first customer
First gallery customer Mike Patton with Chuck, Logan and faithful dog Shadow. Coincidentally, Mike’s relatives helped build the church. 1991
Pete and Barbara with the buffalo sculpture
Pete Felten, Barbara, and Shadow pose with the buffalo sculpture
Martin and Rufus
Martin and Rufus hard at work.

In the beginning, the gallery carried a variety of small items, such as t-shirts, mugs, incense, and toys. Since then, the selection has diversified to include fossils (local and from around the world), minerals, and books. The gallery has always offered items of local interest, such as our Monument Rocks mugs and t-shirts.

Barbara purchased a beautiful, limestone sculpture of a buffalo cow and calf from noted Kansas sculptor Pete Felten, adding an artistic flair to the front of the property. Family friends Martin Brungardt and Rufus Stephens dug out a hole for the base of the sculpture, then Barbara laid in the limestone blocks.

Other exterior improvements waited until 1995 when US 83 Highway was closed to traffic and detoured to another highway. This provided an opportunity to reshingle the gallery. The last time the wood shingles were replaced was right after WWII.

The gallery's fossil collection continues to expand. Many large and small fossil specimens are now on permanent display, including a 14’ Xiphactinus fish and a 20’ Platecarpus mosasaur. Chuck completed a 6’-by-24’ mural on canvas. It depicts a Kansas Cretaceous sea scene and is situated above a large display case of fossils depicted in the mural.

Chuck and Barbara continue to make new changes to the gallery every year. A visitor from fifteen years ago would hardly recognize it!

Early mural work Early mural work
Early fossil display. 1993
Early work on Chuck’s Cretaceous sea mural with Barbara’s Xiphactinus fish skull in front. 1993
The second sign
Installing the new sign after the highway reopened. Fall, 1995

Alternative Energy at Keystone

The Keystone Church and parsonage were never connected to the electric power grid. When Chuck and Barbara first started working on the place, all work was done with hand tools. At night, they would use kerosene lamps and flashlights for reading and finding things in the dark.

Windcharger prop
Windcharger prop
Solar panel
Solar panel

In 1985, they put up a small windcharger and started with a 12-volt trouble light and a single car battery. Later, a bank of golf cart batteries provided electric storage for prolonged use. In 1988, they upgraded to a higher wattage (500 watts) windcharger and also purchased new batteries. Since the house and gallery had never been wired, the 12-volt electrical system was fairly easy to do, much like a stationary recreational vehicle. The switches and light fixtures are the same as a standard house, but the outlets and light bulbs are 12-volt. There are many direct current products available and inverters (electrical devices that change 12-volt DC to 120-volt AC current) can be used for other applications.

Battery box
Photo by Charlie Riedel

Barbara and Chuck experimented with a propane refrigerator for cold food storage, but it had to be set up on the porch and did not cool efficiently, so they were not satisfied with the results. They decided to invest in a 12-volt refrigerator and freezer. It was expensive, but highly efficient (running on only 50 watts), and did not require the extra energy expense of propane.

Because of the continuous modification and upgrade of appliances and the addition of computers, televisions, and other energy-using items, Barbara and Chuck took the leap into solar energy to supplement their wind power system. Starting with a 100-watt panel, more solar panels were added over the years to upgrade the system as the need arose.

As with any alternative energy setup, a backup power unit is needed. When power is low, a small gas-powered generator is used to charge the batteries. The sun shines and the wind blows a lot in Kansas, so the gas generator is seldom used. In the winter months, when sunny days are short and ice sometimes covers the windcharger propeller and the solar panels, the generator is used more often.

Another use of alternative energy at Keystone is solar heat. A greenhouse provides supplemental heat during winter months and allows an extended growing season for the outdoor garden in both spring and fall.

©2015 Keystone Gallery / Photos © Barbara Shelton unless otherwise noted

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